Hai-Lung Dai, Ph.D.
Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs
BS, National Taiwan University (1974)
PhD, UC Berkeley (1981)
Postdoctoral Fellow, MIT (1981-1984)
Office: G19 Sullivan Hall
Mailing Address: Temple University, College of Science and Technology, Provost Office, Sullivan Hall, 1330 Pollett Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19122
Department of Chemistry, 1901 N. 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122
Office: 203 Beury Hall; (215) 204-2836
Surface Lab: 227 Beury Hall; (215) 204-2837
Gas-Phase Lab: 201 Beury Hall; (215) 204-2835
Dai Group Weekly Lab Meetings:
Thursday mornings in Beury 226B (ca. 10:30-noon)
Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfaces/Interfaces and Ultrathin Films
Nonlinear optical techniques based on second harmonic generation and transient grating scattering are developed for probing the structure, kinetics and dynamics of a variety of systems involving a surface or interface: ultrathin molecular films, the solid-liquid interface in colloids, and metal or semiconductor surfaces. For example the glass transition temperature of ice has been determined by second harmonic Raleigh scattering, the surfactant adsorption onto microparticles in colloids can be quantitatively characterized by second harmonic generation, ultrafast carrier dynamics at a silicon surface are revealed by transient grating scattering.
Dynamics and Photochemistry of Molecules Adsorbed on Surfaces
The presence of a surface provides several important factors affecting the chemical properties of a molecule. In addition to rapid quenching of molecular excitation, the surface may change reaction energetics and alter the reaction channels, provide new excitation channels through substrate electrons, and align molecular adsorbates to facilitate a particular reaction. All these effects have been identified in our study of laser-induced polymerization of formaldehyde on silver. These unique aspects of surface photochemistry and explored in several different molecular systems on metal and oxide surfaces.
Energy Transfer and Reaction of Highly Vibrationally Excited Molecules
Intramolecular isomerization and collisional deactivation of molecules excited with 10,000-50,000 cm-1 vibrational energy are investigated. The excitation is prepared by electronic excitation followed by internal conversion, or by the stimulated emission pumping technique. IR emission spectra from the excited molecules are recorded by a newly developed nanosecond time-resolved FTIR technique to reveal the energy and structural evolution of the molecules following excitation.
A new approach for detecting previously unknown vibrational modes of transient radicals has been demonstrated. Photodissocaition of precursors produces the desired transient radical with high vibrational excitation. IR emission from these excited species is then detected by nanosecond time-resolved FTIR emission spectroscopy. The vibrational bands, with rotational resolution,allow the determination of the radical structure.Time-resolved IR emission spectra also enablethe deduction of energy relaxation and reactionof the excited radicals.
Wilhelm, Michael J.; Sheffield, Joel B.; Sharifian Gh., Mohammad; et al.
Gram's stain does not cross the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane
Zeng, Jia; Eckenrode, Heather M.; Dai, Hai-Lung; and Wilhelm, Michael J.
Adsorption and transport of charged vs. neutral molecules at the membrane of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells
Wilhelm, Michael J.; Sheffield, Joel B.; Gonella, Grazia; Wu, Yajing; et al.
Real-time molecular uptake and membrane-specific transport in living cells by optical microscopy and nonlinear light scattering
Chemical Physical Letters (2014) 605: 158-163. [Cover]
Gonella, Grazia; Dai, Hai-Lung
Second harmonic light scattering from the surface of colloidal objects: Theory and applications
Langmuir (2014) 30: 2588-2599. [Cover]
Smith, Jonathan M.; Nikow, Matthew; Ma, Jianqiang; Wilhelm; Michael J., et al.
Chemical Activation through Super Energy Transfer Collisons
Journal of the American Chemical Society (2014)136: 1682-1685. [Communication]
Maidecchi, Giulia; Gonella, Grazia; Zaccaria, Remo Proietti; et al.
Deep Ultraviolet Plasmon Resonance in Aluminum Nanoparticle Arrays
ACS Nano (2013) 7: 5834-5841.